The Start of Judaism
Judaism started when Moses went up to the Mount of Sinai after leading God's people out of Egypt. According to Rabbi Novack (personal communication 2009) 'this occurs when God gave Moses the Ten Commandments and the Torah for the Jewish people to follow.' Since Pharaoh would not release God's people they would endure the seven plagues.
The passage in the Torah Mosheh 2: Shemot /שׁמות is the same as in the Christian Bible; Exodus Chapter 12. The list of the Seven Great Plagues as listed on Bibleplus that allowed the Hebrews to leave Egypt is as follows but ten actually occurred:
1. The plague of blood
2. The plague of frogs
3. The plague of gnats
4. The plague of flies (God makes a distinction between Israel and Egypt)
5. The plague on livestock
6. The plague of boils
7. The plague of hail
8. The plague of locusts
9. The plague of darkness
10. The plague on the firstborn
The only reason these were God's people; were Hebrew from this point on was because God said in Exodus 7:16 (New International Version) 16 Then say to him the LORD, the God of the Hebrews, has sent me to say to you: Let my people go, so that they may worship me in the desert. But until now you have not listened. They were Hebrew but not yet Jewish. Hebrew was their language and the written scrolls or texts; therefore, Hebrew was not a religion. Judaism began in Judea from the people of Judean, and were considered Jewish or the term Judaism.
What does Chasidic mean?
Chasidic is a revitalized form of Judaism. Rabbi Novack (personal communication 2009), stated that Chasidism is not a sect of Judaism, they are just a renewed full of excitement and they are considered to be the 'Joyous Ones'. Chasidism is a movement that started in the latter half of the 18th Century. This was only to try to spark the Jewish people into a more joyous, loving, excitement of the mainstream Judaism.
A Yarmulke is a hat that is worn on a man's head. And according to Rabbi Novack (personal communication 2009), in Kiddushin 31a it states, "Rabbi Honah ben Joshua never walked 4 cubits (2 meters) with his head uncovered. He explained: 'because the Divine Presence is always over my head." In God's Laws it is forbidden for a man to go four paces without his head covered.'