The Roaring Twenties was a time of great wealth for the United States. It is characterized by mass production of consumer goods, mass consumption of goods, and a time of great parties lingered with underground illicit activity, such as the sale of illegal alcohol. It was also a time of a booming economy. The Stock market had hit record high numbers. Women, better known as "Flappers" during this time period, had gain political rights and managed to change how society viewed the role of women up to now.
However, the Roaring Twenties was limited to being "Roaring" as long as one was white. During this time period the Harlem Renaissance was also taking place in African American culture. This was also a time of great segregation, and a time where it was tough if you were anything but white. The Weary Blues manages to capture this idea in the underlying story it portrays.
Just by reading the title of the poem, one can depict Hughes point on the topic of African Americans during this time. He uses the word "weary", defined as tiredness, fatigue, jaded. This symbolizes how weary one became because of all the injustice against African Americans, such as having to cope with the KKK.