Studies have shown that fine arts instruction at the elementary level has a positive influence on the way students learn to read, write and perform mathematically. Art activates children's senses in unrestricted play and contributes to the development of cognitive, social, emotional and sensory-motor skills. The instruction of fine arts is a challenging learning experience and one of the best ways in which to include various approaches to learning.
Keywords: Areas of Academia; Fine Arts Instruction, Elementary Education; Impact of Art Instruction
Discussion of Key Words
Areas of Academia
This term refers to the core areas of reading, language arts, mathematics, science and social studies taught at the elementary school level to include grades kindergarten through fifth grade.
Fine Arts Instruction
This term refers to the non-core "specials areas" offered to students at the elementary school level and taught by certified specialists. These areas include creative art, especially visual art, whose production is recognized for the imaginative and/or intellectual contact they invoke in each individual student.
This term refers to the subjects of language arts (reading), writing and mathematics which are taught at the elementary school level and where appreciation of the instruction of fine arts programs is relevant. Elementary education is the first stage of a child's mandatory education and encompasses kindergarten through fifth grades.
Impact of Fine Arts Instruction
This term refers to the influence of the instruction of fine arts on the core areas of academia at the elementary school level.
The main purpose of this literature review is to explain in what ways fine arts influence the academic progress of elementary level school children in other areas of academia. The research question addressed in this review is "How does fine arts instruction influence the academic progress of children at the elementary level?" Since fine arts are not considered "core" subjects, they are the first areas to be affected by school budget cuts across the United States. It is important to realize and emphasize the significance of the arts as they aid in teaching the core subjects of language arts, writing and performing well mathematically.
Thematic Review of Literature
Fine Arts Instruction
Art activates children's senses in unrestricted play and contributes to the development of cognitive, social, emotional and sensory-motor skills. Art instruction is a challenging learning experience and one of the best ways in which to include various approaches to learning. Simply put, the fine arts are fun for children while allowing them to express their thoughts and feelings in a non-verbal manner. The arts also teach children vital skills for living and development of their minds, while increasing their self-esteem and promoting problem-solving skills (http://www.stuartschool.org/arts/arts_in_preschool_and_jk/index.aspx).