There are numerous toxic diseases that has been seen and roamed the human race. Furthermore, some of these diseases has significantly affected the human population more ruthlessly than others, causing severe disability and even death. Schneider states that the challenge of understanding and altering human behavior is the factor that now contributes most substantially to premature mortality and remains to be confronted by the health care practitioners of the 21st century. (Schneider, 2011) As health care practitioners, the two most important factors are the eradication and mitigation of certain diseases and are two words that bring about a comforting temperament. Therefore, the restrictions and mishaps that follow the previously mentioned positivity just may leave us awestruck. Widespread knowledge of known research is that malaria appears to be among the worst of the worst when statistically compared to other diseases around the world. Malaria is an infectious disease of the blood that is transmitted by mosquitoes. The mosquito is a carrier of the parasite called "plasmodium. Individuals who are infected with malaria usually present symptoms such as fever, chills, respiratory distress, joint pain and sweating that recurs every two to three days (Tuteje, 2007). The plasmodium parasite attacks red blood cells making the person's temperature rise; the subsequent bursting of red blood cells makes the individual feel cold, presenting with shakes and chills (Tuteje, 2007). Also, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea are often symptoms that accompany malaria (Tuteje, 2007). The destruction of red blood cells can also cause jaundice and anemia." This parasite is a major cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide (Tuteja, 2007). It is diagnosed by blood work that test for parasites. Individuals who travel to other countries are at increased risk for this infectious disease (CDC, 2011). Malaria affects an insurmountable number of countries as the incidence of the disease was reported in 2004 to be between 350 and 500 million cases worldwide (Tuteje, 2007). According to the CDC (2011), it's the 5th leading cause of death of infectious diseases in and around the world (CDC, 2011) The disease becomes fatal during the key pathogenic process of the symptoms (Tuteje, 2007). Furthermore, between 1957 and 2009, there were 63 outbreaks of locally transmitted mosquito-borne malaria in the United States (CDC, 2011). During the investigation of these cases, The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention collected data relating to recent travel history, they then examined reasons for travel in order to distinguish the types of people who may are at higher risk for or already infected with malaria. The CDC (2011) listed some reasons for travel that implicated tourism, business, and visiting friends and family (CDC, 2011). The last malaria observation was completed in 2007 from the CDC. Young children and pregnant individuals are the most vulnerable to the disease (CDC, 2011). Malaria is not only damaging to the human population; but it also causes economic burden to the government. The United States spends an estimated 12 billion dollars per year in the treatment of the illness and the funeral expenses because of the immediate death toll (CDC, 2011).
In an attempt to eliminate malaria, a pesticide by the name of Dichloro-Diphenyl-Trichloroethane (DDT) was used to kill the mosquitoes who carry malaria (Tren & Roberts ,2009).