Organizational Responsibility and Current Health Care Issues

Published: 2021-09-13 15:25:10
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Organizational Responsibility and Current Health Care Issues
Health care organizations are facing many issues today. These issues have a negative impact on the countries health care system. One example of a major issue health care faces are medical errors. Medical Error is defined as a "preventable adverse effect of care, whether or not it is evident or harmful to the patient. This might include an inaccurate or incomplete diagnosis or treatment of disease, injury, syndrome, behavior, infection or other ailment" (The Free Dictionary, 2011). Medical Errors are rising as one of the leading causes of death in the United States. Patient safety is a concern of growing importance that affects both patients and health care providers. This is also financially draining. The Institute of Medicine estimates "medical errors cost the Nation nearly $37.6 billion each year and that $17 billion of those costs are due to preventable errors" (Harrington, 2005). This can be caused by both human and system errors. This is a major issue because patients are apprehensive about their lives and safety in the hands of health care providers.
Background and Examples
Medical Errors became prominent in 1999, when the Institute of Medicine published a report "based on studies conducted in 1984 and 1992 that concluded 44,000 to 98,000 patients die every year in hospitals due to medical error" (Harrington, 2005). After the report was published the Institute of Medicine mandated that medical errors must be reported. In addition, the Institute of Medicine formed a set of recommendations to reduce errors. They emphasized that the "key to reducing medical errors is to focus on improving the systems of delivering care and not to blame individuals" (Harrington, 2005). It is the responsibility of the hospital to report any errors and have doctors, nurses, and other medical support staff establishes an error-reporting system that reduces medical errors.
An example of this is the incident that happened at "Rhode Island Hospital in November, 2007. The patient had surgery on the wrong side of the head. The CT scan showed bleeding on the left side and the neurosurgeon began drilling on the right side" (abcNEWS Health, 2011). Once the surgeon realized his mistake, he quickly closed up the hole and began performing surgery on the correct side. The patient survived; however, the hospital was fined $50,000 for its transgression. Two other patients at the same hospital had surgery on their heads, unfortunately one patient died three weeks later. The hospital has enforced new measures to prevent errors and promote patient safety; however they still do not know what went wrong and how this error was made.

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