In 1931, March 25th, nine black young men took the train from Chattanooga to
Memphis, Tennessee, four of them are on their way to looking for job. At the same time,
were also in the train couples of white hobos, and two white girls riding in a different car.
The train was stopped, at the next stop by a crew of fifteen men, and the young black
men, were arrested for assaulting, after a fight broke out between them and the white
hobos. The two white girls, Ruby Bates and Victoria Price, who were prostitutes, fearing
to be arrested too, accused the blacks of raping them. The nine blacks boys, whom
ages ranged between twelve to nineteen, were taken and jailed for trial to Jackson
County Seat, Scottsboro, Alabama.
Even though, the fourteenth amendment had been voted, giving the black
populations the expectations of equal protection and the right to due process, and the
fifteenth amendment, stating that the vote should not be restricted on the basis of race,
color or previous condition of servitude, in the South, the former slave owners were not
decided yet to consider the black population as equals in all the senses of the therm.
The segregation was seen and felt everywhere. There was a separation of restaurants,
bathrooms, water fountains, schools, churches just to cite those examples. and the
separate facilities were of course not equal.
In those times, "Extralegal measures such as lynching were also used against
African Americans; it has been estimated that between 1865 and 1930 more than four
thousand lynchings took place in the United States, most in the South and with most
victims being black. The alleged offenses that brought about lynchings of blacks could