Leisure and recreation has become an essential part in the lives of Australian's. Leisure is defined in 'Exploring Pass' textbook as 'time spent free of obligation or duty'. Recreation, defined in the dictionary, means 'activity done for enjoyment when one is not working'. Leisure and recreation are subjective in nature, meaning it is a personal based opinion and not all people enjoy the same activities. These choices may be influenced by a number of factors including age, gender, geographic location, religion/culture, socio-economic, disability/injury, media or technology.
In PASS, we have been studying perceptions of leisure and recreation. Each persons perceptions are different, with a number of factors influencing their participation in leisure and recreation. Throughout this report I often refer to the 'Exploring Pass' textbook for statistics. As my main source of information, it provided good research and valid statistics. I also conducted a survey with 25 participants, which helped me to make concluding statements about people's participation in leisure and recreation activities. Other secondary sources such as websites and newspaper articles were used to aid research in this report.
The age of a person is one of the main influences on their participation in leisure and recreation. A persons age often determines their physical abilities as well as commitments and time available for leisure and recreation. For the purpose of this report, the population can be divided into three groups. People aged between 11 - 17 years will be classified as the youth. 20 - 40 year olds will be recognised as young people and people over 40 will be classified as older people.
The youth's participation in leisure and recreation is unique. There are a number of contributing factors that affect participation. Out of the 6 people surveyed, 5 of them identified time as being the main barrier of leisure and recreation. As the youth attends school everyday and many have work commitments, time restricts the amount of leisure and recreation they have. However, according to the book, 'Exploring Physical and Sport', the youths have the highest participation level in sport and recreation with 75%of those aged between 15 - 17 year olds participating in some sort of physical recreation in 2006. 100% of youths surveyed agreed that they enjoy participating in recreation activities, with water sports, running and various types of football being the most popular active recreational activities. Leisure time among the youth is fairly consistent with the majority of survey takers having 1 - 3 hours of leisure time during the week and 4 - 6 hours on the weekend. This shows that the youth has the same amount of leisure time on weekdays as young people, but significantly less leisure time on the weekends. Youth activities conducted during leisure time often involve technology with the favourite passive recreation activities are being on the computer or phone, watching TV and listening to music. From the information sourced from surveys and 'Exploring Pass' it is visible that age has a large impact on the participation in recreation and leisure of the youth.
Young People in my report are classified as 20 - 40 year olds. As stated above, they generally have the same amount of leisure time on weekdays with more leisure time on weekends. People in this age bracket are often limited to their opportunities as they have other commitments including family and work commitments. 24% of people in the survey identified work as being a factor that limits their participation in leisure and recreation activities and 11% had injuries. Trends in the activities in which they participate in, are similar to the activities of the youth. Walking is the preferred physical activity and watching TV and being on the computer or phone are the most popular passive activities.