The Pledge to the Flag was first published anonymously in the September 8, 1892 issue of The Youth's Companion, the most popular youth magazine of its day. The American Pledge of Allegiance was written by Francis Bellamy of Rome, New York, and/or James Upham of Malden, Massachusetts, in August 1892. It is unclear which of the two men wrote the Pledge, or if they co-wrote it, although most historians credit Francis Bellamy (Baer).
Since the pledge was first introduced to the public in 1892, it has been changed a total of three times 1923, 1924 and the final time in 1954. In 1954, Congress passed a bill sponsored by Senator Homer Ferguson, R-Michigan, with adding the words "under God"; this was done to differentiate the United States from the Soviet Union during the Cold War. (Congress)
Recently, there has been great controversy about the words "under God" existing in the nations Pledge of Allegiance. Michael Newdow, a California atheist, brought this case to court. His objection was that his daughter was being forced to listen to her classmates recite the pledge. Newdow's goal was to restore the pledge back to its original 1892 version so that people were not obligated to support a religion that they did not believe (E.P. News).
There are many rebuttals to the case; however, there are many indispensable arguments why this case is considered legit by a court's ruling as well. The nation's founding fathers wrote the pledge, the majority of the United States is religious, the separation of church and state has not been complied with throughout the United States, and no one is required to say or listen to the pledge; so, removing the words "under God" from The Pledge of Allegiance is not understandable.
According to Morse, when Congress approved the addition of the words "under God" to the Pledge of Allegiance, the decision was not done in order to profess religion towards the people of the United States. The Congress intended the insertion of God in the pledge to establish what was to be considered a body of people having authority. Placing God in the pledge was thought of as a term that could be applied to all religions and creeds; thus, the word God would be describing something more than just material existence.
Building the basis of the United States was the founding fathers of the nation. They were not all necessarily under a Christian belief; nonetheless, they did wish for the people of the United States to have morals and values (Williams).