Sex and Gender

Published: 2021-09-14 19:25:09
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Category: Social Issues

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Sex and gender
I) Summary the video
Some people wonder whether gender is genetically based or they just learn 2 be feminine or masculine. It is very important to know what gender we are since birth because each of us has very perceptions of what each sex is like, how they should be treated, and even what value they have for society. Therefore, sex is the most basic way in which we categorize people throughout their lives.
There are differences between two genders at birth which are biologically congenital, universal, and essentially reproductive. As we know, males and females are different in sexual organs, genes and hormones. While daughters are described as beautiful, delicate, and weak, sons seem strong, coordinated and alert despite no differences between them in weight, health and strength.
What makes sex categorization significant goes beyond the biological characteristics. Gender is different cultural definitions of masculinity and femininity, different expectations and experiences, and psychological and social meanings attached to the categories of male and female. We define women or men by their sexual organs, the way they behave, how they look and dress, what they are supposed to do in order to be acceptable and appropriate and what roles they are allowed to do. Gender roles, as basic as femininity and masculinity, are two sets of traits and behaviors to distinguish men and women and based on socially-prescribed expectations about ideal sexual types. However, it is said that men can be feminine and women can be masculine some or all of the time. In the past, many people used to observe sex difference in behavior through biological and social forces but actually it is a complex interweaving of both. The sex difference seems to be linked to sex hormones.
However, the amount and form of social play is shaped by cultural learning experiences. The behaviors of boys and girls, like others, stimulate different parts of the brain which are different for males and females due to actions of sex hormones during their life. Early in life, the sex hormones cause differences in the brain which is a hormonal event. These differences in brain make differences in behaviors, in types of experiences that young boys and girls have which make adults behave differently.
Another difference between males and females is their physical health. Contrary to that men are believed to be stronger than women, males are more vulnerable to disease, physical disorders, death. Besides, masculine gender role combined with the physiological difference can be the risks for men's health. Some sex difference has developed over time and it is perhaps strongly influenced by learned gender roles. Gender differences are learned as part of the socialization process, which prepares the young to take their place in society when they are adults.

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